AN ANALYSIS OF PRONUNCIATION EXERCISES IN DUOLINGO APPLICATION AND ITS CONTRIBUTION AS ENGLISH LEARNING MEDIA

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AN ANALYSIS OF PRONUNCIATION EXERCISES IN DUOLINGO APPLICATION AND ITS CONTRIBUTION AS ENGLISH LEARNING MEDIA


CHAPTER II 

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 
A. Exercise 
Exercise is an action or actions intended to improve something or make something happen. In the other word, exercise can be called as task too. Because Skehan defines exersice as a task is an activity that satisfies the following criteria, meaning is primary, there is a goal that need to be worked, the activity is outcome-evaluated and there is a real – word relationship. Both of them have functions to assess student‟s achievements. In practice of exercise, there are two kinds of the practice exercise, those are:

  1. Controlled exercise Controlled exercise is a practice exercise in which learners are told exactly what to do and how to do it. It is hoped that nearly all the learners will get nearly all the exercise right and will therefore develop correct habits and gain useful knowledge about the language. 
  2. Guided exercise Practice exercise and which the learners are told what to do and then are given advice on how to do it. The learners have to make same decision of their own and to create some of their own expressions.


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